Master List of Migraine Research Articles (UPDATED 2023)

For those of you interested in learning more about migraine, the gut-brain connection, hormones, supplements, and more!

How to look up an article – you can simply click on the url at the end of the citation (the “doi”) to open the study! You can also try googling the article’s title. For best results, use


  • Martami, F., Razeghi Jahromi, S., Togha, M., Ghorbani, Z., Seifishahpar, M., & Saidpour, A. (2018). The serum level of inflammatory markers in chronic and episodic migraine: A case-control study. Neurological Sciences, 39(10), 1741-1749.
  • Togha, M., Razeghi Jahromi, S., Ghorbani, Z., Ghaemi, A., & Rafiee, P. (2019). An investigation of oxidant/antioxidant balance in patients with migraine: A case-control study. BMC Neurology, 19(1).
  • Peng, K., & May, A. (2019). Migraine understood as a sensory threshold disease. Pain, 160(7), 1494-1501.

Migraine and Gut Health

  • Kappéter Á, Sipos D, Varga A, Vigvári S, Halda-Kiss B, Péterfi Z. Migraine as a Disease Associated with Dysbiosis and Possible Therapy with Fecal Microbiota Transplantation.Microorganisms. 2023; 11(8):2083.
  • Yong, D., Lee, H., Min, H., Kim, K., Oh, H., & Chu, M. K. (2023). Altered gut microbiota in individuals with episodic and chronic migraine. Scientific Reports, 13(1).
  • Qi, X., Fan, G., & Jia, H. (2020). The probiotic Lactobacillus casei Shirota attenuates symptoms of vestibular migraine: A randomised placebo-controlled double-blind clinical trial. Beneficial Microbes, 11(5), 469-476.
  • Kopchak, O. O., Hrytsenko, O. Y., & Pulyk, O. R. (2022). Peculiarities of the gut microbiota in patients with migraine comparing to healthy individuals. Wiadomości Lekarskie, 75(9), 2218-2221.
  • Guo, R., Chen, L., Xing, C., & Liu, T. (2019). Pain regulation by gut microbiota: Molecular mechanisms and therapeutic potential. British Journal of Anaesthesia, 123(5), 637-654.
  • Martami, F., Togha, M., Seifishahpar, M., Ghorbani, Z., Ansari, H., Karimi, T., & Jahromi, S. R. (2019). The effects of a multispecies probiotic supplement on inflammatory markers and episodic and chronic migraine characteristics: A randomized double-blind controlled trial. Cephalalgia, 39(7), 841-853.
  • Tang, Y., Liu, S., Shu, H., Yanagisawa, L., & Tao, F. (2019). Gut microbiota Dysbiosis enhances migraine-like pain via TNFα Upregulation. Molecular Neurobiology, 57(1), 461-468.
  • Arzani, M., Jahromi, S. R., Ghorbani, Z., Vahabizad, F., Martelletti, P., Ghaemi, A., Sacco, S., & Togha, M. (2020). Gut-brain Axis and migraine headache: A comprehensive review. The Journal of Headache and Pain, 21(1).
  • De Roos, N. M., Van Hemert, S., Rovers, J. M., Smits, M. G., & Witteman, B. J. (2017). The effects of a multispecies probiotic on migraine and markers of intestinal permeability–results of a randomized placebo-controlled study. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 71(12), 1455-1462.
  • Naghibi, M. M., & Day, R. (2019). The microbiome, the gut–brain axis and migraine. Gastrointestinal Nursing, 17(8), 38-45.
  • Crawford, J., Liu, S., & Tao, F. (2022). Gut microbiota and migraine. Neurobiology of Pain, 11, 100090.
  • Kang, L., Tang, W., Zhang, Y., Zhang, M., Liu, J., Li, Y., Kong, S., Zhao, D., & Yu, S. (2021). The gut microbiome modulates nitroglycerin-induced migraine-related hyperalgesia in mice. Cephalalgia, 42(6), 490-499.

Migraine and IBS / Celiac / etc

  • Qasim, H., Nasr, M., Mohammad, A., Hor, M., & Baradeiya, A. (2022). Dysbiosis and migraine headaches in adults with celiac disease. Cureus.
  • Cámara-Lemarroy, C. R., Rodriguez-Gutierrez, R., Monreal-Robles, R., & Marfil-Rivera, A. (2016). Gastrointestinal disorders associated with migraine: A comprehensive review. World Journal of Gastroenterology, 22(36), 8149.
  • Chang, F., & Lu, C. (2013). Irritable bowel syndrome and migraine: Bystanders or partners? Journal of Neurogastroenterology and Motility, 19(3), 301-311.
  • Georgescu, D., Reisz, D., Gurban, C. V., Georgescu, L., Ionita, I., Ancusa, O. E., & Lighezan, D. (2017). Migraine in young females with irritable bowel syndrome: Still a challenge. Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment, 14, 21-28.
  • Kim, J., Lee, S., & Rhew, K. (2022). Association between gastrointestinal diseases and migraine. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 19(7), 4018.

Migraine and Diet

  • Gazerani, P. (2020). Migraine and diet. Nutrients, 12(6), 1658.
  • Razeghi Jahromi, S., Ghorbani, Z., Martelletti, P., Lampl, C., & Togha, M. (2019). Association of diet and headache. The Journal of Headache and Pain, 20(1).
  • Nowaczewska, M., Wiciński, M., & Kaźmierczak, W. (2020). The Ambiguous Role of Caffeine in Migraine Headache: From Trigger to Treatment. Nutrients, 12(8), 2259.
  • Ramsden, C. E., Zamora, D., Faurot, K. R., MacIntosh, B., Horowitz, M., Keyes, G. S., Yuan, Z., Miller, V., Lynch, C., Honvoh, G., Park, J., Levy, R., Domenichiello, A. F., Johnston, A., Majchrzak-Hong, S., Hibbeln, J. R., Barrow, D. A., Loewke, J., Davis, J. M., … Mann, J. D. (2021). Dietary alteration of N-3 and N-6 fatty acids for headache reduction in adults with migraine: Randomized controlled trial. BMJ, n1448.

Supplements, Vitamins, Minerals

  • Chiarella, G., Marcianò, G., Viola, P., Palleria, C., Pisani, D., Rania, V., Casarella, A., Astorina, A., Scarpa, A., Esposito, M., Salerno, M., Di Nunno, N., Bolcato, M., Piscopo, A., Cione, E., De Sarro, G., Di Mizio, G., & Gallelli, L. (2021). Nutraceuticals for peripheral vestibular pathology: Properties, usefulness, future perspectives and medico-legal aspects. Nutrients, 13(10), 3646.
  • Izquierdo-Casas, J., Comas-Basté, O., Latorre-Moratalla, M. L., Lorente-Gascón, M., Duelo, A., Soler-Singla, L., & Vidal-Carou, M. C. (2019). Diamine oxidase (DAO) supplement reduces headache in episodic migraine patients with DAO deficiency: A randomized double-blind trial. Clinical Nutrition, 38(1), 152-158.
  • Martins, L. B., Rodrigues, A. M., Rodrigues, D. F., Dos Santos, L. C., Teixeira, A. L., & Ferreira, A. V. (2018). Double-blind placebo-controlled randomized clinical trial of ginger (Zingiber officinale Rosc.) addition in migraine acute treatment. Cephalalgia, 39(1), 68-76.
  • Maghbooli, M., Golipour, F., Moghimi Esfandabadi, A., & Yousefi, M. (2013). Comparison between the efficacy of ginger and Sumatriptan in the ablative treatment of the common migraine. Phytotherapy Research, 28(3), 412-415.
  • Ernst, E., & Pittler, M. H. (2000). Efficacy of ginger for nausea and vomiting: a systematic review of randomized clinical trials. British journal of anaesthesia, 84(3), 367–371.
  • Sun-Edelstein, C., & Mauskop, A. (2009). Role of magnesium in the pathogenesis and treatment of migraine. Expert Review of Neurotherapeutics, 9(3), 369-379.
  • Shin, H.-J., Na, H.-S., & Do, S.-H. (2020). Magnesium and Pain. Nutrients, 12(8), 2184.
  • Song, T. J., Chu, M. K., Sohn, J. H., Ahn, H. Y., Lee, S. H., & Cho, S. J. (2018). Effect of Vitamin D Deficiency on the Frequency of Headaches in Migraine. Journal of clinical neurology (Seoul, Korea), 14(3), 366–373.
  • Liampas, I., Siokas, V., Brotis, A., & Dardiotis, E. (2020). Vitamin D serum levels in patients with migraine: A meta-analysis. Revue neurologique, 176(7-8), 560–570.
  • Colombo, B., Saraceno, L. & Comi, G. Riboflavin and migraine: the bridge over troubled mitochondria. Neurol Sci 35, 141–144 (2014).
  • Yamanaka, G., Suzuki, S., Morishita, N., Takeshita, M., Kanou, K., Takamatsu, T., … Kawashima, H. (2021). Experimental and Clinical Evidence of the Effectiveness of Riboflavin on Migraines. Nutrients, 13(8), 2612.
  • Togha, M., Razeghi Jahromi, S., Ghorbani, Z., Martami, F. and Seifishahpar, M. (2019), Serum Vitamin B12 and Methylmalonic Acid Status in Migraineurs: A Case-Control Study. Headache: The Journal of Head and Face Pain, 59: 1492-1503.
  • Hewlings, S. J., & Kalman, D. S. (2017). Curcumin: A Review of Its Effects on Human Health. Foods (Basel, Switzerland), 6(10), 92.


Concussions / TBI and Gut Disruptions

  • George, A. K., Behera, J., Homme, R. P., Tyagi, N., Tyagi, S. C., & Singh, M. (2021). Rebuilding microbiome for mitigating traumatic brain injury: Importance of restructuring the gut-microbiome-Brain Axis. Molecular Neurobiology.
  • Iftikhar, P. M., Anwar, A., Saleem, S., Nasir, S., & Inayat, A. (2020). Traumatic brain injury causing intestinal dysfunction: A review. Journal of Clinical Neuroscience, 79, 237-240.
  • Rice, M. W., Pandya, J. D., & Shear, D. A. (2019). Gut microbiota as a therapeutic target to ameliorate the biochemical, neuroanatomical, and behavioral effects of traumatic brain injuries. Frontiers in Neurology, 10.
  • Zhu, C., Grandhi, R., Patterson, T., & Nicholson, S. (2018). A review of traumatic brain injury and the gut microbiome: Insights into novel mechanisms of secondary brain injury and promising targets for Neuroprotection. Brain Sciences, 8(6), 113.


  • Seethaler, B., Basrai, M., Neyrinck, A. M., Nazare, J., Walter, J., Delzenne, N. M., & Bischoff, S. C. (2021). Biomarkers for assessment of intestinal permeability in clinical practice. American Journal of Physiology-Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology, 321(1), G11-G17.
  • Twardowska, A., Makaro, A., Binienda, A., Fichna, J., & Salaga, M. (2022). Preventing bacterial translocation in patients with leaky gut syndrome: Nutrition and pharmacological treatment options. International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 23(6), 3204.
  • Laine, L. (2003). Gastrointestinal effects of NSAIDs and Coxibs. Journal of Pain and Symptom Management, 25(2), 32-40.
  • Maiden, L., Thjodleifsson, B., Seigal, A., Bjarnason, I. I., Scott, D., Birgisson, S., & Bjarnason, I. (2007). Long-term effects of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and cyclooxygenase-2 selective agents on the small bowel: A cross-sectional capsule Enteroscopy study. Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology, 5(9), 1040-1045.
  • Bouzari, A., Holstege, D., & Barrett, D. M. (2015). Vitamin retention in eight fruits and vegetables: a comparison of refrigerated and frozen storage. Journal of agricultural and food chemistry, 63(3), 957–962.

Published by Kelli Yates, RDN, LD, CLT

Kelli Yates, RDN, LD, CLT is a Registered Dietitian Nutritionist specializing in holistic migraine management and fellow migraineur!

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